Hip, Knee & Foot Pain
Hip, Knee & Foot Pain
We rely on our legs to carry us places, and when we experience pain in one area of our lower extremities, movement may become difficult, agonizing or impossible. The sooner you address your pain, the better chance you have for a full recovery so you can move through your life, pain free!
Musculoskeletal hip pain can be caused by arthritis, injuries, muscle tightness that entraps nerves, as well as abnormal gait and posture issues. Common types of arthritic conditions that affect the hip are rheumatoid arthritis or Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (autoimmune diseases) or ankylosing spondylitis (chronic inflammation of the sacrioiliac joint).
The bursa (fluid filled sac) over the outside of the hip joint may become inflamed and cause pain. Tendonitis (inflammation of the tendons) may also cause hip pain. Muscle strains such as groin and hamstring strains may also affect the hip and cause pain. Osteonecrosis affects the hip more than any other joint. Blood flow is restricted to the hip bone and the result is the death of the bone cells and eventually, collapse of the bone.
Hip pain is also often caused by lower back problems that extend to the hip area or vice versa. Another hip condition is “snapping hip syndrome” in which three problems occur. The iliotibial band located over the outside of the thigh. Next, over the front of the hip joint, the deep hip flexor snaps. The final “snap” is caused by tears of the cartilage around the hip socket.
Hip fractures (including stress fractures) are also common causes of hip pain, especially as osteoporosis and the natural aging process take their toll on the body. As movement becomes more difficult and we become more susceptible to falls, hip fractures become more likely as the hip area seems to be a natural landing zone.
Knee pain can be caused by traumatic injuries to the knee or overuse of the knee. Common acute (traumatic) injuries to the knee are sprains or strains to the ligaments or tendons. The most common ligament tear of the knee is the tearing of the medial collateral ligament (MCL). The meniscus is a rubbery cushion in the knee joint that is also susceptible to tears. Fractures of the kneecap, lower portion of the femur or upper part of the tibia can be caused by falls, severe twisting or force. The kneecap or the knee joint in its entirety may also become dislocated.
Overuse of the knee can lead to tendonitis, tendinosis and bursitis. The knee ligaments can become thickened or folded, which is a condition called Plica syndrome. Overuse, injury and excess weight can cause pain in the front of the knee. Inflammation of the iliotibial band can also cause knee pain (as well as hip pain, as seen above).
Foot pain can be caused by numerous conditions and injuries. Acute or traumatic injuries such as sprains, strains, bruises and fractures can cause foot pain. Achilles tendonitis is a common cause of foot pain, affecting the ankle and the back of the heel. Direct blows to the foot or stepping on a hard object can cause foot pain.
Repetitive stress injuries can affect various components of the foot and lead to stress fractures, tendonitis, plantar fasciitis as well as osteoarthritis. You may have more foot problems if you have high flat arches. Bone spurs can cause foot pain as can viruses, fungi and bacteria. Chronic diseases such as diabetes, Hansen’s disease and gout can lead to decreased lower extremity blood flow and lead to inflammation and pain.
The feet, knees, hip joints and spine are all correlated and a problem in one area can lead to a problem in another area. Lower back problems can cause abnormal gait and compensation by the hip and knee joints leading to injury. Abnormal gait caused by foot problems or something as simple as poor footwear can lead to knee, hip and lower back problems.
Proper evaluation of these structures can be a saving grace in solving current hip, knee and foot pain as well as preventing future injuries. Once gait and balance problems have been corrected, proper healing and strengthening of these areas can occur.
At the heart of any musculoskeletal injury in the lower extremities, there is a process taking place that is the body’s normal response to any injury or degenerative condition. There are three phases to healing, during which time there are specific treatments necessary to promote faster more efficient healing to avoid chronic pain in the future.
The first phase is inflammation, which is the body’s way of attempting to protect an area that is injured. Inflammation, along with nerve entrapment can cause painful compression of the nerves and other spinal components.
As well, proper fluid movement is hampered. This means that nourishing, healing fluids are restricted and toxic fluids from the injury remain in the tissue. Addressing this inflammation is crucial to the healing process. Passive motion should be used at this point to reduce the inflammation.
The second phase is the repair phase where your body attempts to replace the damaged tissue with new collagen. Nutritional supplements such as vitamin C are essential to this process.
The third phase is the remodeling phase in which the new collagen needs to be properly aligned. This new collagen is irregular and in order for it to function properly, it needs a little help being “modeled” with various techniques.
Hip, knee and foot pain in Clearwater, FL is common, but the good news is that at Corrective Therapy Pain Relief Center, Frank Pugni is here to help! Frank’s unique approach to hip, knee and foot pain relief in Clearwater, FL and surrounding areas is a revolutionary way of treating not only lower extremity pain, but virtually any painful musculoskeletal problem throughout the body.
Pain relief is right around the corner with Frank’s perfect skill set that marries several disciplines and brings you the best of many specialties that are highly effective in restoring musculoskeletal health. Feel free to click around the site and learn about what Corrective Therapy Pain Relief Center can offer you! Be sure to play the patient testimonial movie to hear how Frank gave his patients a new lease on pain free lives!